Should Banking Supervision and Monetary Policy Tasks be Given to Different Agencies?

Di Noia, Carmine and Di Giorgio, Giorgio (1999) Should Banking Supervision and Monetary Policy Tasks be Given to Different Agencies? [Working Paper]. p. 39. Economics Working Papers (No. 411).

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This paper adds some new arguments to the thesis that the responsibility for banking supervision should be assigned to an agency formally separated by the Central bank. We also provide some additional evidence on the macro and microeconomic performance of OECD countries whose banking systems are classified according to the regulatory regime in place. We find that the inflation rate is considerably higher and more volatile in countries where the Central bank acts as a monopolist in banking supervision. Besides, although banks seem to be more profitable when Central banks supervise them, they incur into higher costs and rely more on deposits with respect to more sophisticated liabilities as a funding source. The data are not definitively in favor of functional separation. However, we argue that the evolution of financial intermediaries, moral hazard problems and especially cost accountability seem to suggest that separation would be a better solution for industrialized countries. We also critically discuss the current arrangement of financial regulation and supervision in the EMU: our proposal is to establish an independent European System of Financial Supervisors (ESFS) structured similarly to the ESCB.

Item Type: Report / Paper (Working Paper)
Research documents and activity classification: Working Papers > Refereed Working Papers / of international relevance
Divisions: Department of Business and Management
Additional Information: TThe definitive version of this paper has been published in "International Finance", Blackwell Publishing, vol. 2(3), pages 361-78, November 1999
Uncontrolled Keywords: Banking Supervision, Financial Stability, Regulatory Arrangements
MIUR Scientific Area: Area 13 - Economics and Statistics > SECS-P/01 Political Economy
Deposited by: Maria Teresa Nistico
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2010 07:52
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2015 23:13


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